Home | About Us | Projects | Store | Contact Us

navTitle titleBarWhite

We started project Baat by the fact that we are faced with ending of era of our two axle passenger car that marked important age of passenger transport in our region. Currently only a couple of these cars still exists and while there is still some time, we have started gathering the information and facts of this car and they have been implemented in the model to preserve this way this part of our industrial heritage.




Here is a short story about these two axle passenger cars which were in use on the territory of former Yugoslavia. These cars were made in different factories on this territories with some minor differences and were (or still are) in use from the beginning of the sixties of twentieth century till present days.


Technical data:

  • two axle passenger car with lengths of 15,50 or 15,90m
  • wheelbase: 9,30m or 9,00m
  • seats: 70
  • allowed maximum traveling speed: 100 km/h
  • car weight: 19-21t
  • heating: steam and twin electrical (1500V for diesel and 3000V for electro traction)
  • lighting: dynamo and batteries
  • toilets: 1 toilet
  • transition between cars using a folding plate and a fence
  • years of manufacturing: 1961-1966
  • manufacturers: Vaso Miskin (Sarajevo, BiH), GOŠA (Smeđerevska Palanka, Serbia), Tvornica željezničkih vozila Janko Gredelj (Zagreb, Croatia), Tovarna železniških vozil Boris Kidrič (Maribor, Slovenia)
  • there were variants with second class with seating capacity of 60 persons
  • there were also variants of whole first class with compartments and seating capacity of 47 persons and mixed first and second class
  • also one can find these cars as third class in BiH


Characteristics for era 1960-1969

Cars were marked with symbol JŽ – JЖ and used the code Bs according to those days standards of markings which meant whole second class car.

One could find cars with whole first class compartments on the territory of Slovenia marked with code A.



Characteristics for era 1969 - 1980

According to the new standards all cars got new markings with new Yugoslavian railways sign JŽ in inflated rounded square similar to the shape of earlier television tubes. The code for the second class cars changed to more descriptive Bggissll with computer code and control number. In Slovenia these cars were running on all tracks. They were painted in standard green color RAL 6003 with black skirt.



Characteristics for era 1980 - 1991

The national standards for markings were changed again and the code was shortened to Baat meaning second class (B), two axle car (aa) and passage in the middle of the car (t). As from previous era UIC computer code with control code was also in use. These cars were used on all major and regional routes in Slovenia. Cars were still in green color but the black skirt in Slovenia slowly disappeared.



Characteristics for era 1991 - 2000

In 1991 Slovenia separated from Yugoslavia and these cars remained in full green color until late 1993. In summer 1992 new Slovenian railways logo was introduced (JŽ logo was removed soon after Slovenia declared independency) but code Baat remained until these days.

In 1993 these cars have been repainted in white color with gray skirt, yellow and orange stripe along the centre body of car and yellow doors. Due to this colorful scheme these cars got nickname "canaries".

They were in use as a set on relations Ljubljana-Zidani most-Sevnica, Ljubljana-Postojna, Jesenice-Nova Gorica-Ajdovščina. In 1994 there was derailment of cars near Zalog and these cars were taken off regular service on main railroads and they could be seen only on few regional routes, especially from Jesenice-Nova Gorica-Ajdovščina until 1999.

The passage between cars also got new small roof for the rain protection of passengers (1993/94).





Characteristics for era 2000 -

All the cars except two were taken off regular service which is now provided with other cars or electric/diesel motor units. The last two cars in regular use are used on car train on route Bohinjska Bistrica-Most na Soči, painted in complete white with gray skirt. One is 15,50m long, the other is 15,90m long. In Croatia the last four cars were refurbished for use in museum train, otherwise in the mid 2000's they were also pulled off the regular service. In Slovenia all these cars were scrapped (especially in 2005-2008) except for the mentioned two which remain in service.




  • internet forum
  • internet forum
  • photos Venčeslav Lang
  • photos Rolf Wiemann
  • photos Jože Trpin
  • other published photos



In the 2nd part of the TV show called "MINIATURNE ŽELEZNICE" (Miniature Railway) broadcasted on the Slovenian national television TV Maribor, an article about our Baat coach project was presented. Show, produced by Videoprodukcija Gaber, can be seen also on YouTube.


If you have any additional firm information or photographs which could add details in above data we kindly ask you to share them with us via e-mail This way we could get much clearer picture about these interesting cars from our past.

If you want to become an owner of a coach Baat model, visit the subpage Store.



Klub Baat
July 2011


If you have any additional firm information or photographs which could add details in the data we kindly ask you to share them with us via e-mail This way we could get much clearer picture about these interesting cars from our past.